Português (pt-PT)English (United Kingdom)

13.2 Processo de individuação em Ulisses

Luís Saraiva
Universidade Católica Portuguesa – Braga
Este endereço de e-mail está protegido de spam bots, pelo que necessita do Javascript activado para o visualizar

This is an Jungian analysis of the Odissey. As is typical from the Jungian pointofview the different characters in the myth are seen as subjective unconscious characteristics of the hero, Odysseus. So, just to give a few examples, the Cyclop Polyfem is seen as the still untamed masculinity of Odysseus. Besides the fact of being oneeyed, it shows Odysseus, still, as an onesided man who cannot yet look at circumstances, at facts seeing them with a dubious look. Circe, the sorceress, is seen, first as a still untamed Anima, the unconscious feminine side of Odysseus, but after the intervention of Hermes, a symbol of consciousness strengthening, she becomes more human and the relatedness which is the characteristic typical for the Anima as an Jungian archetype of the Collective Unconscious, becomes real, becomes a fact: Circe stops being a sorceress, enchanting, to become acquainted with Odysseus. (We have to take into account here that I took the classical position of Jungian studies). What is important is to see that this journey home, to Ithaca is Odysseus way of Individuation and I would join that it symbolizes the way of Individuation of each one of us. From having to tame his masculinity, so to recognize his Shadow and to consciencialize his feminine unconscious, the Anima, not forgetting his descent to the Hades and is encounter with Tiresias, as a symbol of the Old Wise Man, in order to gain the sacred wedding with Penelope. Obviously that much more had to be said about what I wrote. I only add that the way of Individuation is always an unfinished way, as the episode of Dante’s Odysseus in the Divine Comedy so well shows us. There are forward steps and backward ones. Hopefully the direction is always forward, though through a long and winding road.


logo FACFILucp

FFCS Faculdade de Filosofia e Ciencias Sociais

UCP Universidade Católica Portuguesa

CEFH logo

CEFHCentro de
Estudos Filosóficos e